Dental extractions are a common dental procedure, often performed to alleviate pain, prevent infection, or prepare for orthodontic treatment. Dry socket, or alveolar osteitis, is a complication in dentistry that sometimes occurs after tooth extraction and is caused by the non-formation of a blood clot which in turn exposes the underlying bone and nerves leading to intense pain and delayed healing. Gelatin sponge is used post-tooth extraction with saline or antibiotics giving a perfect hemostasis and eliminating the need for gauze to be used for 3-4 hours. A clinical study with 26 patients who underwent molar teeth extraction showed gelatin sponge is a very effective hemostatic agent in controlling bleeding, pain reduction, and avoiding the occurrence of dry sockets.

doi no.10.3390/jcm12144578